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AKC Shih Tzu Breed Standard
The Shih Tzu is a sturdy, lively, alert toy dog with a long flowing double coat. Befitting his noble Chinese ancestry as a highly valued, prized companion and palace pet, the Shih Tzu is proud of bearing, has a distinctively arrogant carriage with head well up and tail curved over the back. Although there has always been considerable size variation, the Shih Tzu must be compact, solid, carrying good weight and substance. Even though a toy dog, the Shih Tzu must be subject to the same requirements of soundness and structure prescribed for all breeds, and any deviation from the ideal described in the standard should be penalized the extent of the deviation. Structural faults common to all breeds are as undesirable in the Shih Tzu as in any other breed, regardless of whether or not such faults are specifically mentioned in the standard.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Size: Ideally, height at the withers is 9 to 10 1/2 inches: but not less than 8 inches now more than 11 inches. Ideally the weight of mature dogs, 9 to 16 pounds.
Proportion: Length between withers and root of tail is slightly longer than the height at withers. The Shih Tzu must never be so high stationed as to appear leggy, nor so low stationed as to appear dumpy or squatty
Substance: Regardless of size, the Shih Tzu is always compact, solid and carries good weight and substance.
Head: Round, broad, wide between the eyes, its size in balance with the overall size of dog being neither too large nor too small
Fault Narrow head, close-set eyes.
Expression: Warm, sweet, wide-eyed, friendly and trusting. An overall well-balanced and pleasant expression supersedes the importance of individual parts. Care should be taken to look and examine well beyond the hair to determine if what is seen is the actual head and expression rather than an image created by grooming technique.
Eyes: Large, round, not prominent, placed well apart, looking straight ahead. Very dark. Lighter on liver pigmented dogs and blue pigmented dogs.
Fault Small, close-set eyes or light eyes: excessive eye white.
Ears: Large, set slightly below the crown of the skull; heavily coated.
Stop: There is a definite stop.
Muzzle: Square, short, unwrinkled, with good cushioning, set no lower than the bottom eye rim; never downturned. Ideally, no longer than 1 inch from the tip of the nose to stop, although the length may vary slightly in relation to overall size of the dog. Front of muzzle should be flat; lower lip and chin not protruding and definitely never receding.
Fault Snippiness, lack of definite stop.
Nose: Nostrils are broad, wide and open.
Pigmentation: Nose, lips, eye rims are black on all colors, except liver on liver pigmented dogs and blue on blue pigmented dogs.
Fault Pink on nose, lips, or eye rims.
Bite: Undershot. The jaw is broad and wide. A missing tooth or slightly misaligned teeth should not be too severely penalized. Teeth and tongue should not show when the mouth is closed.
Fault Overshot bite
Neck, Topline, Body
Of utmost importance is an overall well-balanced dog with no exaggerated features.
Neck: Well set-on flowing smoothly into shoulders; of sufficient length to permit natural high head carriage and in balance with height and length of the dog.
Body: Short-coupled and sturdy with no waist or tuck-up. The Shih Tzu is slightly longer than tall.
Chest: Broad and deep with good spring-of-rib, however, not barrel-chested. The depth of ribcage should extend to just below the elbow. Distance from elbow to withers is a little greater than from elbow to ground.
Tail: Set on high, heavily plumed, carried in curve well over back. Too loose, too tight, too flat, or too low set a tail is undesirable and should be penalized to extent of the deviation.
Shoulders: Well-angulated, well-laid-back, well laid-in, fitting smoothly into the body
Legs: Straight, well-boned, muscular, set well-apart and under the chest, with elbows set close to body.
Pasterns: Strong, perpendicular.
Dewclaws: May be removed.
Feet: Firm, well-padded, point straight ahead.
Angulation of hindquarters should be in balance with forequarters.
Legs: Well-boned, muscular, and straight when viewed from rear with well-bent stifles, not close but in line with forequarters.
Hocks: Well let down, perpendicular.
Fault Hyperextension of hocks.
Dewclaws: Well-Maybe removed.
Feet: Firm, well-padded, point straight ahead.
Coat: Luxurious, double-coated, dense, long, and flowing. Slight wave permissible.The hair on top of head is tied up.
Fault Sparse coat, single coat, curly coat.
Feet, bottom of the coat, and anus may be done for neatness and to facilitate movement.
Fault Excessive trimming
Color and Markings
All are permissible and to be considered quality.
The Shih Tzu moves straight and must be shown at its own natural speed, neither raced nor strung-up, to evaluate its smooth, flowing, effortless movement with good front reach and equally strong rear drive, level topline, naturally high head carriage, and tail carried in gentle curve over back.
As the sole purpose of the Shih Tzu is that of a companion and house pet, it is essential that its temperament be outgoing, happy, affectionate, friendly and trusting towards all.
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